Critical Perspectives on Canadian Anti-Trafficking Discourse and Policy


  • Ann De Shalit Ryerson University
  • Emily van der Meulen Ryerson University


Cluster Editorial


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Author Biographies

Ann De Shalit, Ryerson University

Ann De Shalit is a PhD candidate in the Policy Studies program at Ryerson University. Her dissertation focuses on the impacts of Canada’s anti-trafficking policies on migrant justice. She researches and organizes around issues related to immigration enforcement, migrant labour, precarious employment, and access to health and education. She has published in the Canadian Journal of Communication and Transnational Social Review: A Social Work Journal.

Emily van der Meulen, Ryerson University

Emily van der Meulen is an Associate Professor in the Department of Criminology at Ryerson University. Her research interests focuses on the criminalization of sexual labour, prison health and harm reduction, and gender and surveillance. She has co-edited Selling Sex: Experience, Advocacy, and Research on Sex Work in Canada (with Elya M. Durisin and Victoria Love, UBC Press, 2013) and Expanding the Gaze: Gender and the Politics of Surveillance (with Robert Heynen, University of Toronto Press, 2016).


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Agustín, Laura. 2007. Sex at the Margins: Migration, Labour Markets and the Rescue Industry. London, U.K.: Zed Books.

Anderson, Bridget, and Rutvica Andrijasevic. 2008. “Sex Slaves and Citizens: The Politics of Anti-Trafficking.” Soundings 40: 135-145.

Bernstein, Elizabeth. 2007. “The Sexual Politics of the ‘New Abolitionism’.” differences 18 (5): 128-151.

De Shalit, Ann, Robert Heynen, and Emily van der Meulen. 2014. “Human Trafficking and Media Myths: Federal Funding, Communication Strategies, and Canadian Anti-Trafficking Programs.” Canadian Journal of Communication 39: 385-412.

Doezema, Jo. 2001. “Ouch!: Western Feminists’ ‘Wounded Attachment’ to the ‘Third World Prostitute’.” Feminist Review 67: 16-38.

Doezema, Jo. 2010. Sex Slaves and Discourse Masters: The Construction of Trafficking. London, UK: Zed Books.

Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women (GAATW). 2011. What’s the Cost of a Rumour? A Guide to Sorting Out the Myths and the Facts About Sporting Events and Trafficking. Vancouver, BC: Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women.

Hunt, Sarah. 2013. “Decolonizing Sex Work: Developing an Intersectional Indigenous Approach.” In Selling Sex: Experience, Advocacy, and Research on Sex Work in Canada, edited by Emily van der Meulen, Elya M. Durisin, and Victoria Love, 82-100. Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia Press.

Kempadoo, Kamala, with Jyoti Sanghera and Bandana Pattanaik, eds. 2005. Trafficking and Prostitution Reconsidered: New Perspectives on Migration, Sex Work, and Human Rights. Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers.

Lepp, Annalee. 2013. “Repeat Performance? Human Trafficking and the 2010 Vancouver Olympic and Paralympic Games.” In Selling Sex: Experience, Advocacy, and Research on Sex Work in Canada, edited by Emily van der Meulen, Elya M. Durisin, and Victoria Love, 251–268. Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia Press.

Peters, Alicia. 2013. “‘Things that Involve Sex are Just Different’: US Anti-Trafficking Law and Policy on the Books, in Their Minds, and in Action.” Anthropological Quarterly 86 (1): 221-256.

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Roots, Katrin. 2013. “Trafficking or Pimping? An Analysis of Canada’s Human Trafficking Legislation and its Implications.” Canadian Journal of Law and Society 28 (1): 21-41.

Sharma, Nandita. 2005. “Anti-Trafficking Rhetoric and the Making of a Global Apartheid.” NWSA Journal 17 (3): 88-111.

Small, Deborah, George Loewenstein, and Paul Slovic. 2007. “Sympathy and Callousness: The Impact of Deliberative Thought on Donations to Identifiable and Statistical Victims.” Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 102: 143–153.

Soderlund, Gretchen. 2005. “Running from the Rescuers: New U.S. Crusades against Sex Trafficking and the Rhetoric of Abolition.” NWSA Journal 17 (3): 64-87.

Stanley, Brandy. 2009. “Sensationalism and its Detrimental Effect on the Anti-Human Trafficking Movement: A Call to a Critical Examination of ‘Abolitionist’ Rhetoric.” A partial completion of Contemporary Slavery and Human Trafficking. Josef Korbel School of International Studies. University of Denver.

Weitzer, Ronald. 2012. “Sex Trafficking and the Sex Industry: The Need for Evidence-Based Theory and Legislation.” The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 101 (4): 1337-1369.